After an unexplained delay last week, Samsung Electronics announced the Exynos 2200 on Wednesday. The most important aspect of this high-end mobile processor is the AMD RDNA 2-based Xclipse GPU.
The Exynos 2200 has a 1+3+4 configuration that starts with a “flagship” Arm Cortex X2 core. This is followed by three “big” Cortex-A710 cores which are “balanced in terms of performance and efficiency”, while four power-efficient “small” Cortex-A510 cores complete the processor. Like Qualcomm’s competing chip, these ARMv9 cores are built on a 4nm process.
Meanwhile, the “Xclipse GPU” uses AMD’s RDNA 2 architecture as the “backbone” to bring hardware-accelerated ray tracing (RT) and variable rate shading (VRS) to mobile gaming.
Ray tracing is a revolutionary technology that closely simulates the physical behavior of light in the real world. By calculating the motion and color characteristic of light rays as they bounce off the surface, ray tracing produces realistic lighting effects for graphically rendered scenes.
Variable rate shading is a technique that optimizes GPU workload by allowing developers to apply a lower shading rate in areas where overall quality will not be affected. This gives the GPU more room to work on the areas that matter most to gamers and improve frame rate for smoother gameplay.
Samsung explains the GPU brand as such:
Xclipse is the combination of ‘X’ which stands for Exynos, and the word ‘eclipse’. Like an eclipse, the Xclipse GPU will end the old era of mobile gaming and usher in an exciting new chapter.
Elsewhere, the company is touting an improved neural processing unit (NPU) that has double the performance of its predecessor for AI and more parallel computations. The ISP (Image Signal Processor) supports up to 200 MP sensors and 4K HDR or 8K resolution video, as well as:
- Up to 108 MP in single camera mode
- Up to 64+36 MP dual camera
- Up to seven individual image sensors and drive four simultaneously for advanced multi-camera setups
- Decodes videos up to 4K at 240fps or 8K at 60fps
- Encodes video up to 4K at 120fps or 8K at 30fps
The Exynos 2200 has an advanced multi-format codec (MFC) that incorporates an AV1 decoder, which Qualcomm still does not offer.
The advanced display solution includes HDR10+ adding more dynamic range and depth to the picture and offers refresh rates of up to 144Hz for a more responsive and smoother transition experience when scrolling or playing games.
There is also a 3GPP Release 16 5G modem that supports sub-6GHz and mmWave bands for speeds up to 10Gbps. In terms of security:
For safekeeping, the Exynos 2200 comes with Integrated Secure Element (iSE) for storing private cryptographic keys as well as playing a RoT (Root of Trust) role. Additionally, an in-line encryption hardware for UFS and DRAM has been strengthened so that user data encryption is securely shared only within the secure domain.
Samsung says the Exynos 2200 is “currently in mass production”.
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