With 2021 behind us, a number of new rules and regulations are expected to come into effect this year. Some of the changes include increases in the minimum wage, bans on plastic bags and taxes on soft drinks.
Below are some of the new rules and regulations that will come into effect at the federal and provincial levels in 2022:
AT NATIONAL SCALE
Prohibition of conversion therapy
Federal legislation banning conversion therapy received Royal Assent on December 8, but will not come into effect until January 7, 2022, 30 days after the bill comes into force.
The new law will make conversion therapy, a practice that seeks to change a person’s sexual orientation to heterosexual or their gender identity to cisgender, punishable by up to five years in prison. Anyone who promotes, advertises or profits from the implementation of the practice can face up to two years in prison.
Single-use plastics ban
A federal ban on single-use plastics was promised by the end of 2021, but in November the government announced the ban would be postponed until 2022.
The ban includes six single-use plastic items, including checkout bags, cutlery and straws.
End of fossil fuel financing
The federal government announced at COP26 this year that it would halt new direct public funding for coal, oil and gas development by the end of 2022 and redirect that investment towards renewable energy projects.
The United States, United Kingdom and 21 other countries have also joined the pledge.
Changes to carbon tax refunds
Beginning in July, rebates for residents of Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Ontario, due to increased carbon pricing costs, will be issued quarterly rather than annually.
Refund of milk container
In February, containers for milk and milk substitutes join the list of products eligible for a rebate from British Columbia, like cans and bottles.
The province estimates that the program will help it recycle an additional 40 million containers each year.
Paid sick leave
As of January 1, part-time and full-time employees in British Columbia are entitled to five days of paid sick leave.
Daycare prices go down
In a $ 3.8 billion deal with the federal government, Alberta’s child care costs will be cut in half – on average – starting Jan. 1, with the goal of hitting $ 10 per day in daycare by 2025.
The agreement is also expected to create some 40,000 new spaces for non-profit child care centers in the province.
New area code
Alberta will welcome its fifth area code, 368, on April 23.
The new code will only be issued when the province runs out of numbers on existing area codes and will not affect existing phone users.
Mandatory smoke detectors
As of July 1, all residential buildings in Saskatchewan will be required to be equipped with a smoke detector and a carbon monoxide detector.
The law includes buildings with regular dormitories, such as homes, condos, apartments, townhouses, duplexes, motels, and care facilities.
Before the introduction of this law, buildings constructed since 1988 had to be fitted with a fire alarm and buildings constructed since 2009 had to be fitted with a carbon monoxide detector.
Changes to the investigation of human rights complaints
Beginning January 1, Manitoba will implement changes to the Manitoba Human Rights Commission (MHRC) to allow the department to respond more quickly to human rights complaints.
The changes allow the executive director of the commission to dismiss complaints and deny an investigation of certain complaints, as well as to set deadlines for hearings and decisions.
Under the current system, it can take up to six years to resolve a human rights complaint in Manitoba.
Increase in minimum wage
Ontario’s minimum wage increases to $ 15 an hour on January 1, which critics say is still not enough to earn a living wage in the province.
Rent increases are back
Ontario’s rent freeze, a measure intended to help residents during the pandemic, is also expected to end on January 1. The provincial government has set a guideline for an increase of 1.2% for 2022.
Ease at the pump?
As gasoline prices hit all-time highs in the province, Ontario Premier Doug Ford has pledged a gasoline tax cut of up to six cents per liter delivered by March 31.
Changes to the Quebec curriculum
As of the 2022 school year, classes in Quebec will begin teaching “Culture and citizenship in Quebec” instead of the Ethics and Religious Culture program.
The new program is structured around three main components: “culture”, “citizenship in Quebec” and “dialogue and critical thinking”.
The program will be piloted in 2022, before being taught province-wide in 2023.
Changes to Address Youth Vaping
New Brunswick requires all vaping stores to purchase a $ 100 license effective January 4, although it does not apply until April 1.
The province says the licenses will allow for inspections of businesses, increase liability and allow communication in the event of a recall.
Proposed animal protection measures
Although only proposed, New Brunswick also plans to implement additional animal protection measures on January 1.
The new measures include the requirement for all sellers of dogs and cats to provide a valid health certificate to buyers, improved tether standards and the addition of two new standards for animal care: the code of the NBSPCA Dog Care Practice and the Dog Care Code of Practice. and handling rabbits.
Amendments to adoption recordings
Nova Scotia is making changes to adoption records that allow adopted children and birth parents to access their adoption records once they turn 19.
The changes will take effect in April.
PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND
Increase in minimum wage
Effective April 1, Prince Edward Island’s minimum wage will drop to $ 13.70 per hour.
The 70-cent increase gives Prince Edward Island the highest minimum wage in Atlantic Canada.
NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR
Tax on non-alcoholic beverages
Newfoundland and Labrador will introduce a tax of 20 cents per liter on beverages containing added sugars starting in September.
The tax is expected to bring in $ 9 million to the province.
Strengthening the training of new truck drivers
Those looking to get into the truck driving business will need to complete a mandatory entry-level training program to earn their Class 1 license, starting in January.
Previously, new truck drivers only needed to pass a practical and theory exam to receive certification.
Ban on single-use plastic bags
As of January 1, single-use plastic shopping bags are banned in the Yukon as part of “initial steps towards a broader single-use plastics ban in the Yukon and reflect feedback received as a result of the pledge. with Yukoners and Yukon businesses, ”according to a news release from the territory.
The territory also plans a ban on single-use paper bags for January 1, 2023.
Nunavut has not recognized September 30 as the National Day for Truth and Reconciliation, but it will be a territorial holiday in 2022.
In mid-September, the territorial government said it didn’t have enough time this year to officially recognize the holiday, but would be ready to do so in 2022.