New laws will come into force in Canada in 2022

With 2021 behind us, a number of new rules and regulations are expected to come into effect this year. Some of the changes include increases in the minimum wage, bans on plastic bags and taxes on soft drinks.

Below are some of the new rules and regulations that will come into effect at the federal and provincial levels in 2022:

AT NATIONAL SCALE

Prohibition of conversion therapy

Federal legislation banning conversion therapy received Royal Assent on December 8, but will not come into effect until January 7, 2022, 30 days after the bill comes into force.

The new law will make conversion therapy, a practice that seeks to change a person’s sexual orientation to heterosexual or their gender identity to cisgender, punishable by up to five years in prison. Anyone who promotes, advertises or profits from the implementation of the practice can face up to two years in prison.

Single-use plastics ban

A federal ban on single-use plastics was promised by the end of 2021, but in November the government announced the ban would be postponed until 2022.

The ban includes six single-use plastic items, including checkout bags, cutlery and straws.

End of fossil fuel financing

The federal government announced at COP26 this year that it would halt new direct public funding for coal, oil and gas development by the end of 2022 and redirect that investment towards renewable energy projects.

The United States, United Kingdom and 21 other countries have also joined the pledge.

Changes to carbon tax refunds

Beginning in July, rebates for residents of Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba and Ontario, due to increased carbon pricing costs, will be issued quarterly rather than annually.

BRITISH COLUMBIA

Refund of milk container

In February, containers for milk and milk substitutes join the list of products eligible for a rebate from British Columbia, like cans and bottles.

The province estimates that the program will help it recycle an additional 40 million containers each year.

Paid sick leave

As of January 1, part-time and full-time employees in British Columbia are entitled to five days of paid sick leave.

ALBERTA

Daycare prices go down

In a $ 3.8 billion deal with the federal government, Alberta’s child care costs will be cut in half – on average – starting Jan. 1, with the goal of hitting $ 10 per day in daycare by 2025.

The agreement is also expected to create some 40,000 new spaces for non-profit child care centers in the province.

New area code

Alberta will welcome its fifth area code, 368, on April 23.

The new code will only be issued when the province runs out of numbers on existing area codes and will not affect existing phone users.

SASKATCHEWAN

Mandatory smoke detectors

As of July 1, all residential buildings in Saskatchewan will be required to be equipped with a smoke detector and a carbon monoxide detector.

The law includes buildings with regular dormitories, such as homes, condos, apartments, townhouses, duplexes, motels, and care facilities.

Before the introduction of this law, buildings constructed since 1988 had to be fitted with a fire alarm and buildings constructed since 2009 had to be fitted with a carbon monoxide detector.

MANITOBA

Changes to the investigation of human rights complaints

Beginning January 1, Manitoba will implement changes to the Manitoba Human Rights Commission (MHRC) to allow the department to respond more quickly to human rights complaints.

The changes allow the executive director of the commission to dismiss complaints and deny an investigation of certain complaints, as well as to set deadlines for hearings and decisions.

Under the current system, it can take up to six years to resolve a human rights complaint in Manitoba.

ONTARIO

Increase in minimum wage

Ontario’s minimum wage increases to $ 15 an hour on January 1, which critics say is still not enough to earn a living wage in the province.

Rent increases are back

Ontario’s rent freeze, a measure intended to help residents during the pandemic, is also expected to end on January 1. The provincial government has set a guideline for an increase of 1.2% for 2022.

Ease at the pump?

As gasoline prices hit all-time highs in the province, Ontario Premier Doug Ford has pledged a gasoline tax cut of up to six cents per liter delivered by March 31.

QUEBEC

Changes to the Quebec curriculum

As of the 2022 school year, classes in Quebec will begin teaching “Culture and citizenship in Quebec” instead of the Ethics and Religious Culture program.

The new program is structured around three main components: “culture”, “citizenship in Quebec” and “dialogue and critical thinking”.

The program will be piloted in 2022, before being taught province-wide in 2023.

NEW BRUNSWICK

Changes to Address Youth Vaping

New Brunswick requires all vaping stores to purchase a $ 100 license effective January 4, although it does not apply until April 1.

The province says the licenses will allow for inspections of businesses, increase liability and allow communication in the event of a recall.

Proposed animal protection measures

Although only proposed, New Brunswick also plans to implement additional animal protection measures on January 1.

The new measures include the requirement for all sellers of dogs and cats to provide a valid health certificate to buyers, improved tether standards and the addition of two new standards for animal care: the code of the NBSPCA Dog Care Practice and the Dog Care Code of Practice. and handling rabbits.

NEW SCOTLAND

Amendments to adoption recordings

Nova Scotia is making changes to adoption records that allow adopted children and birth parents to access their adoption records once they turn 19.

The changes will take effect in April.

PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND

Increase in minimum wage

Effective April 1, Prince Edward Island’s minimum wage will drop to $ 13.70 per hour.

The 70-cent increase gives Prince Edward Island the highest minimum wage in Atlantic Canada.

NEWFOUNDLAND AND LABRADOR

Tax on non-alcoholic beverages

Newfoundland and Labrador will introduce a tax of 20 cents per liter on beverages containing added sugars starting in September.

The tax is expected to bring in $ 9 million to the province.

NORTHWEST TERRITORIES

Strengthening the training of new truck drivers

Those looking to get into the truck driving business will need to complete a mandatory entry-level training program to earn their Class 1 license, starting in January.

Previously, new truck drivers only needed to pass a practical and theory exam to receive certification.

YUKON

Ban on single-use plastic bags

As of January 1, single-use plastic shopping bags are banned in the Yukon as part of “initial steps towards a broader single-use plastics ban in the Yukon and reflect feedback received as a result of the pledge. with Yukoners and Yukon businesses, ”according to a news release from the territory.

The territory also plans a ban on single-use paper bags for January 1, 2023.

NUNAVUT

New holidays

Nunavut has not recognized September 30 as the National Day for Truth and Reconciliation, but it will be a territorial holiday in 2022.

In mid-September, the territorial government said it didn’t have enough time this year to officially recognize the holiday, but would be ready to do so in 2022.

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