Territorial tax system – Atlantic Storm http://atlantic-storm.org/ Tue, 28 Jun 2022 10:53:05 +0000 en-US hourly 1 https://wordpress.org/?v=5.9.3 https://atlantic-storm.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/05/cropped-icon-32x32.png Territorial tax system – Atlantic Storm http://atlantic-storm.org/ 32 32 The resolution adopting the guidelines on the specific allocation of the national carbon tax in relation to strategic areas and ecosystems has been published https://atlantic-storm.org/the-resolution-adopting-the-guidelines-on-the-specific-allocation-of-the-national-carbon-tax-in-relation-to-strategic-areas-and-ecosystems-has-been-published/ Tue, 28 Jun 2022 10:53:05 +0000 https://atlantic-storm.org/the-resolution-adopting-the-guidelines-on-the-specific-allocation-of-the-national-carbon-tax-in-relation-to-strategic-areas-and-ecosystems-has-been-published/

On May 17, the Ministry of Environment and Sustainable Development (“MADS”) issued Resolution 0505 of 2022, which establishes the guidelines described in point 1 of Article 35 of Law 2169 of 2021. aforementioned article modified the attribution of the specific uses of the Carbon Tax for the fiscal periods from 2023, establishing in its 1st post that 50% of it would be intended for: the management of coastal erosion; reducing and monitoring deforestation; conservation of water sources; preservation and management of strategic areas and ecosystems (particularly the paramos); Payments for Environmental Services (“PES”); funding for climate action measures, including those from Nationally Determined Contributions (“NDCs”); Among others. The resources subject to this item must be transferred to the National Environment Fund and at least 15% of these must be allocated to forest conservation projects in the Amazon region.

In this regard, the resolution establishes that, of all the resources referred to in point 1 of article 35 of Law 2169 of 2021, 17.35% will be allocated to strategies of protection, preservation, restoration and sustainable use. strategic areas and ecosystems. . In this sense, the purposes for which this percentage can be used are, among others:

  1. The protection, preservation, restoration and sustainable use of existing areas belonging to the National System of Protected Areas (“SINAP”) or for its expansion and declaration based on the conservation objectives that Colombia currently has.
  2. Periodic analysis of protected area management effectiveness and impact, including contributions to climate resilience, well-being (social, economic, cultural) and reduced emissions.
  3. The implementation of control and monitoring actions for protected areas.
  4. The design and implementation of stakeholder participation and involvement strategies to strengthen decision-making spaces.
  5. The development of agreements for the conservation of protected areas between strategic actors (in particular local communities, farmers and ethnic groups) to harmonize forms of territorial management.
  6. Support for the formulation and implementation of sectoral agreements to reduce deforestation and other changes to the natural topsoil in areas surrounding protected areas, and conservation strategies.
  7. The management of technical assistance aimed at good sustainable production practices and value chains based on the processing and marketing of products derived from biodiversity.
  8. The implementation of good sustainable productive practices that promote connectivity and landscape conservation and resilience to climate change.
  9. The implementation of systems of sustainable use of nature for commercial purposes in protected areas.
  10. The implementation of restoration, rehabilitation and/or recovery actions in critical areas for connectivity.
  11. The characterization of the situation of use, occupation and possession, with an approach associated with the reconversion of productive systems.
  12. Increased recognition of sustainable, ancestral and traditional uses, new uses, community uses and production systems associated with meeting the conservation objectives of protected areas.
  13. Reinforcement, adjustment and implementation of existing financial sustainability mechanisms (municipal, departmental and/or national).
  14. All others determined by MADS and related to the topic of this article.
]]>
Valuing the work of sailors https://atlantic-storm.org/valuing-the-work-of-sailors/ Sat, 25 Jun 2022 00:48:44 +0000 https://atlantic-storm.org/valuing-the-work-of-sailors/

TODAY is Sailor’s Day. Inaugurated in 2011 under the aegis of the International Maritime Organization (IMO), this day offers a wonderful opportunity to appreciate the contribution of seafarers without whom the flow of goods and international trade would stop.

With merchant ships carrying up to 90% of the world’s trade and a maritime industry operating at breakneck speed, it’s hard to imagine life without the involvement of seafarers. But their labor sometimes costs them dearly. themselves and their families.

Each sailor’s journey is unique, but they all face similar hurdles, with managing mental health being one of the most serious concerns.

In the past, after their ship left port, sailors were cut off from the outside world. Today, with the transfer of data possible on board and ashore regardless of the position of their vessel, crews can now stay in touch with family and friends.

In this regard, Internet access should be considered a fundamental right of seafarers as it enables them to communicate with their relatives back home. In fact, internet access on board has been proven to help improve their mental health and overall well-being.

Seafarers are involved in one of the toughest professions, so they have high hopes of being treated as key workers in the national economy and having their plight recognized by government and stakeholders.

A pressing issue in Malaysia is the delay by authorities in Sabah and Sarawak in issuing work permits to Peninsular Malaysian seafarers. These sailors, who also have to compete with foreigners for jobs, have to wait between two and three months to obtain the work permit. Previously, the waiting time was between one and two weeks and it is faster to obtain a permit to work in another country.

Seafarers see themselves as family on board and work as a friendly team throughout their contract. But with the current sentiment shown towards the Peninsular Malay sailors by the authorities in Sabah and Sarawak, a rift is opening between them which could split their unit.

Remuneration, which does not correspond to the cost of living, is another question to be settled. Sometimes seafarers are denied bank loans to secure assets such as a house.

There are suggestions from the seafarer community on how to solve their problems. One of them is to remove the tax for seafarers who are on board a ship for more than two months. Malaysia has a territorial tax system, which means that only income earned from work performed within the country and its geographical boundaries is taxed.

Other suggestions include removing the requirement for Peninsular Malaysian seafarers to obtain work permits issued by Sabah and Sarawak, controlling the influx of foreign seafarers, reviewing their remuneration to make it comparable to that of seafarers from other countries such as Brunei and Singapore, and to extend flexible bank loan arrangements for them.

For lack of attention and support, many sailors have changed careers. If this trend continues, there will be a severe shortage of qualified seafarers in Malaysia in the near future. This situation should be avoided because the maritime industry is important for the growth of the country.

Today is the day to express to all seafarers how much they mean to us and to the whole world. Their dedication and hard work has kept the international business alive and running perpetually. We cannot thank them enough for their immense contribution!

DR IZYAN MUNIRAH MOHD ZAIDEEN

Lecturer

Faculty of Maritime Studies

University Malaysia Terengganu

and CAPTAIN MOHD FAIZAL RAMLI

Offshore oil and gas marine specialist, sailor and alumnus of the Malaysian Maritime Academy (Alam)

]]>
Weathering a Perfect Storm | The Manila Times https://atlantic-storm.org/weathering-a-perfect-storm-the-manila-times/ Sat, 18 Jun 2022 12:03:11 +0000 https://atlantic-storm.org/weathering-a-perfect-storm-the-manila-times/

WHEN the United Nations was founded on October 24, 1945 after large parts of the world had been ravaged by the Second World War which ended on September 2, 1945, the dominant concept of security was that of the state. Territorial integrity, political integrity, military and defense arrangements, and economic and financial activities are what define national security according to the Inter-American Institute of Human Rights. But since the end of the Cold War in 1991, the concept has changed dramatically. Security, according to Lloyd Axworthy in his book Human Security and Global Governance, must be defined in terms of the security of people, not just territory, of individuals, not just nations. Thus, “human security” has become a neologism.

The UN has listed seven elements of human security, namely personal, economic, political, community, health, environmental and food security. And in General Assembly resolution 66/290, it states that “Governments retain the primary role and responsibility for ensuring the right of people to live in freedom and dignity, free from poverty and despair “. In this context and given these prospects, we are in a period where our national security is seriously challenged.

This June 14, 2022 file photo shows an attendant pumping fuel into a vehicle at a gas station on Commonwealth Avenue, Quezon City. PHOTO BY JOHN ORVEN VERDOTE

The noticeable trigger is the skyrocketing cost of fuel, largely due to the Russian-Ukrainian war which has led to instability in the supply and demand of petroleum products. With the current exchange rate of 53.79 pesos per dollar compared to 50.99 pesos on January 1, 2022, the impact will be felt on the cost of imports, in particular on the already high price of crude oil. According to available data from the Ministry of Energy, the net increases per liter since January 1, 2022 have been PPP 23.85 for gasoline, PPP 30.30 for diesel and PPP 27.65 for kerosene. . As expected, utility jeepney drivers and operators are demanding a P5 increase in the minimum fare. Taxi operators are asking for an increase in the flag rate from P40 to P60. Transport network vehicle services or TNVS require a P15 base rate increase. To make matters worse, there is this imminent possibility of raising the Covid-19 alert status to moderate risk which would result in restrictions on the number of passengers allowed in public commercial vehicles and occupations in hotels, restaurants and other establishments.

Get the latest news


delivered to your inbox

Sign up for the Manila Times daily newsletters

By registering with an email address, I acknowledge that I have read and accept the terms of use and the privacy policy.

Truckers want an average increase of 5,500 pula in transport costs, which will lead to higher commodity prices. To compensate, our Kababayan working class demands an increase in the minimum wage. Employers, meanwhile, argue that it is an impossible demand for fear of closing up shop or laying off workers. There were clamors to suspend fuel excise tax collection, but the government is not ready to give up 105.9 billion pesos and cripple government services.

Endure hunger, poverty and unemployment; struggling to earn a living amid a health crisis compounded by the cost of fuel becoming inaccessible; experiencing both natural and man-made calamities, the situation is ripe for exploitation by enemies of the state. These are major security issues that the government must grasp by the horns. National security agencies must detect, deter, defend and defeat terrorist attempts in order to take advantage of the situation to recruit members, launch attacks and harm national security. This is more than ever the time when people are demanding good governance. And the fastest way to cushion the impact is for the government to quickly release direct grants by improving the system and cleaning up the list of recipients.

Threats to economic, food, health and personal security must be addressed urgently. We pin our hopes on the economic pundits exploited by the new administration. While government has a responsibility to maintain and ensure that human security is achieved through protection and empowerment, it is our responsibility as citizens to help where we can. Nor can I beg all of us – especially our less fortunate kababayans – to be patient and put up with more than we are already doing.

If Dr. Jose Rizal, whose 161st birthday we commemorate today, is alive, what would he probably be doing? He would surely implore his fellow Filipinos who are in a better economic situation to take this opportunity to show their patriotism. No, he will not ask any of us to be shot in the fields of Bagumbayan! He will not ask us to give the government pieces of our gold jewelry as the Thais and South Koreans have done to help their countries survive economic crises. But on our small scale, help our less fortunate Kababayan to cope and help lighten the burdens of government. Large corporations should religiously and properly pay what they owe Caesar, just as the manggagawa uring pay government dues through their tax deductions. Be generous with any tips or sukli we may leave for delivery people to keep, or Mamang Drayber to have or Ateng serbidora to keep, or other similar acts of kindness. As far as we know, with the few pesos we donate, we prevent the proverbial sash they’ve been tying around their waists for a long time from becoming a noose around their necks.

Rizal will beg us to do our part to help. Get vaccinated and encourage others to do booster shots, follow strict health protocols or simply wear masks to help fight the pandemic. Employees, love your job and work to earn your daily pay. Turn off unnecessary lights, unused computers and appliances, or other small acts of malasakit. These, if done consciously and collectively, can save a certain amount to retain another worker in his job. Management should also show malasakit to their employees to inspire them to perform at their best.

We may be living through a perfect storm, but we can weather it if we pull ourselves together.

For comments and feedback, email [email protected] and Twitter @atty_edarevalo

]]>
The Northern Ireland Protocol Bill – a summary and analysis https://atlantic-storm.org/the-northern-ireland-protocol-bill-a-summary-and-analysis/ Thu, 16 Jun 2022 16:15:40 +0000 https://atlantic-storm.org/the-northern-ireland-protocol-bill-a-summary-and-analysis/

The provisions of the Northern Ireland Protocol Bill have a significant effect on the pillars of EU law contained in the Protocol. Is the government taking back control of Northern Ireland’s borders and economic governance, or is it starting a full-fledged trade war with the EU?

The UK Government’s pre-announced and highly anticipated Northern Ireland Protocol Bill 2022 (hereafter, the Bill) was published and introduced in the House of Commons on 13 June 2022. It s It is a legally complex document of public international law and constitutional law with provisions which relate to the effects of EU law in Northern Ireland. The EU has strongly discouraged such a legislative step, issuing warnings of a trade war with the UK.

In a nutshell, the legal aim of the Bill is to remove the overriding effects of EU law on commercial and economic governance in Northern Ireland, by not applying a number of key provisions (known as “provisions excluded”) triggering these effects and contained in the Protocol on Northern Ireland (hereafter, the Protocol) and the Withdrawal Agreement 2020. By removing most of the effects of EU law, the government has l intention to restore the legislative authority of the United Kingdom and its system of constitutional and legal remedies in Northern Ireland.

According to the British government, the protocol in its current form does not meet some of its main political objectives, related to the maintenance of peace and stability, agreed between the United Kingdom and the EU during the negotiation of the protocol. The Bill therefore seeks to honor the Belfast (‘Good Friday’) Agreement of 1998 and safeguard the social and economic well-being of the people of Northern Ireland. However, the government says the effects of EU law in Northern Ireland have led to a loss of trade and business within the UK single market, leading to social and economic hardship which could have negative political consequences for implementation of the Good Friday Agreement. .

The legal changes brought about by the bill are far-reaching and significant, attracting attention and criticism, especially from the EU.

Trade, subsidy control and governance

The general provisions of the bill remove the direct effect and applicability of most provisions of EU law relating to trade in goods, subsidy control and governance in the protocol. They also remove the requirement for UK courts in Northern Ireland and the rest of the UK to review EU law and defer to the Court of Justice of the EU when interpreting related matters before them. At the same time, the Bill gives UK Ministers of the Crown significant legislative and enforcement powers over protocol matters. Any loopholes that emerge as a result of non-enforcement of EU law would be replaced by new UK laws and regulations relating to trade in goods, subsidy control and governance.

The Trade in Goods and Customs provisions of the Bill do not apply to most of the key provisions of the Northern Ireland Protocol relating to trade, including the notion of products ‘at risk’ of being introduced in the EU. Instead, the bill provides the legal basis for more flexible routes, such as those discussed in the government’s command document ‘Northern Ireland Protocol – the way forward’ from July 2021. Act introduces the foundations of a dual system of trade in goods with and within Northern Ireland. In such a dual system, producers and traders of goods (industrial products, medicines and agri-food products) could choose to comply only with UK laws and regulations, or with both UK and EU law, depending on whether the goods are for use in the UK or destined for the EU. As a result, there would be ‘green’ and ‘red’ trade channels with Northern Ireland, available depending on the intended destination of the goods, as well as ‘eligible movements’ – . For example, the “green channel” would only be accessible to movements that meet certain criteria, such as trade by traders with trusted trader status.

For the purposes of consumer safety, biosafety and public health, the bill provides for the adoption of secondary legislation adapting the dual system to these particular requirements.

On grant control, the bill provides for a single system in Northern Ireland, governed by the new UK Grant Control Act 2022, and removes the current dual system applying elements of state aid control of the EU.

With regard to governance, the draft law removes the mandatory jurisdiction of the Court of Justice of the EU over the protocol and related provisions of the Withdrawal Agreement. UK judges would only be able to refer questions about EU law to the Court of Justice if they themselves deem it necessary.

The Bill also removes a number of interrelated provisions – the references in the Northern Ireland Protocol to the Withdrawal Agreement, which in turn refer to EU law. This element of the bill seeks to remove a number of EU law triggers in the Withdrawal Agreement, which underpin the application of EU law in Northern Ireland. For example, under these interlocking arrangements, Northern Ireland falls within the customs territory of the EU for matters regulated by the protocol, which gives the EU powers of customs enforcement (this is triggered by a reference in the protocol to a provision relating to the territorial definition in the withdrawal agreement).

Under the bill, ministers have the power to remove other elements of the protocol for specified general purposes, such as ensuring the free flow of trade within the UK, safeguarding welfare or animal, plant or human health, or the abolition of the difference between taxes or customs duties in Northern Ireland and Great Britain. Ministers also enjoy considerable legislative freedom to reinstate and adjust the effects of EU law in Northern Ireland.

On VAT and excise, the bill gives the Treasury powers to ensure that UK VAT, excise and other tax policies can be applied across the UK, including including adjustments and ensuring the same level of taxation in Northern Ireland as elsewhere. from the United Kingdom.

The UK government has said a preferred solution to its complaints about the protocol is a new deal with the EU, suggesting the bill could be leverage to bring about a change in the EU’s status quo position. in the current negotiations.

However, the EU sees the bill as a unilateral measure which it believes violates existing bilateral agreements. In this respect, the EU can decide to retaliate, triggering in the same way unilateral mechanisms, such as the suspension of all or part of the withdrawal agreement or even of the trade and cooperation agreement between the UK and the EU. This could potentially escalate into a trade war, such as the removal of duty-free trade benefits and the imposition of punitive tariffs or other disincentives under recent EU legislation.

If you are interested in more details regarding. If you wish to find out more about the UK Government’s Northern Ireland Protocol Bill, the relevant publications are made with references to Bill 12 and Bill 12-EN. Moreover, you may wish. If you have any concerns about how this might affect your business, if you need more information or clarification, please contact the authors for more information or clarification regarding this review article.

]]>
Africa must collaborate with the world to benefit from international tax initiatives https://atlantic-storm.org/africa-must-collaborate-with-the-world-to-benefit-from-international-tax-initiatives/ Mon, 13 Jun 2022 20:55:00 +0000 https://atlantic-storm.org/africa-must-collaborate-with-the-world-to-benefit-from-international-tax-initiatives/

Vice President Yemi Osinbajo, says Africa must deepen its cooperation and collaboration with the rest of the world to derive maximum benefits international tax initiatives.

Osinbajo spoke at the opening session of an ongoing Africa CEO Forum panel held in Abidjan, Ivory Coast, according to a statement released Monday by Laolu AkandeSpokesperson for the Vice President.

The theme of the forum was “Economic sovereignty: from ambition to action”.

Osinbajo said there was a dire need for collaboration between Africa and the rest of the world, adding that caution was needed when it came to economic sovereignty.

“I think we have to be a little more careful with the concept of economic sovereignty because we really need to collaborate more and with the way development is going, we have to watch some of these things,” the vice president said.

“For example, if we look at the way technology is changing, which is critical for us in Nigeria, especially the taxation issues of tech companies and all that, obviously it’s difficult and it’s an expression major of sovereign power — the power to tax.

“The way the world and technology are structured today, it is impossible to use the same basis – personal and territorial basis – for taxation.

“These are multinational companies that span across countries and continents.

“We must cooperate with the world and the international tax system to ensure that we are able to derive the maximum benefit; we need to sit around the table and ensure that all the various international tax initiatives favor us in Africa.

According to him, while Africa is looking inward, it must also look outward because a lot of money is obviously used by technology companies across the world and many African countries are value creators for these. businesses.

Osinbajo also said Africa must explore ways to harness its intellectual capacity.

“The world is now more focused on intellectual capital. We need to think about how we can work with the world to make the most of our intellectual capacity,” he said.

For his part, Abdulsamad Rabiu, Managing Director of BUA Group, said that to accelerate development, Africa should look inward.

Rabiu said taking advantage of the opportunities offered by the African Continental Free Trade Agreement (AfCFTA) and improving infrastructure are some of the key areas for leaders on the continent to focus on.

President Alassane Ouattara of Côte d’Ivoire, in his opening remarks, commended the organizers for bringing together leaders from the public and private sectors across the continent and beyond to discuss and develop new pathways to drive the transformation of economies across Africa.

He said that despite the COVID-19 pandemic, efforts have been directed towards fruitful collaborations, as well as “building new partnerships between the public and private sectors, particularly providing opportunities for young Africans with special emphasis on the green economy”.

Other speakers on the panel were President Nana Akufo-Addo of Ghana; Makhtar Diop, Managing Director of the International Finance Corporation; Patrick Njoroge, Governor, Central Bank of Kenya; Kate Kanyi Tometi-Fotso, Managing Director, Telcar Cocoa; and Karim Beguir, Managing Director, Instadeep.

]]> Antarctic horror: UK territorial claim at risk as Russia threatens ‘free-for-all’ scrap | Science | New https://atlantic-storm.org/antarctic-horror-uk-territorial-claim-at-risk-as-russia-threatens-free-for-all-scrap-science-new/ Sat, 11 Jun 2022 15:12:00 +0000 https://atlantic-storm.org/antarctic-horror-uk-territorial-claim-at-risk-as-russia-threatens-free-for-all-scrap-science-new/

Activities on the southernmost continent are subject to the Antarctic Treaty system, which has been in force since June 23, 1961. This international agreement – originally signed by 12 nations including the UK, but now comprising a total of 54 parts – covers the whole area. south of 60° south latitude. The objectives of the treaty are to maintain Antarctica as a demilitarized space, to ensure that it remains free of nuclear testing and waste, to promote scientific cooperation and to set aside all disputes over sovereignty. territorial.

In total, there have been eight territorial claims to Antarctica by seven sovereign states, dating back to the early 1900s.

Countries with established – and in some cases overlapping – claims include Argentina, Australia, Chile, France, New Zealand, Norway and the UK.

The United States and Russia, meanwhile, both argue that they have reserved the right to make claims on the southernmost continent.

There has also been speculation that other countries, including Brazil and Peru, may also file claims in the future.

The oldest formal territorial claim to Antarctica was made by the United Kingdom in 1908, via the Letters Patent of the Falkland Islands Dependencies.

This declaration – which was allegedly made to better regulate and tax the whaling industry – also included a number of islands in the South Atlantic and Southern Ocean, including South Georgia, the South Sandwich Islands and the South Orkneys.

In 1917 the wording of the claim was revised to unambiguously include all territory within the sector extending to the South Pole – thus covering the whole of what is now the British Antarctic Territory, which was officially formed in 1962.

Britain’s claim to Antarctica – like the other six existing claims – is suspended by the Antarctic Treaty system.

READ MORE: Putin sees Antarctica as a ‘strategic frontier’, raising concerns

According to Professor Dodds, if Russia chooses to abandon the Antarctic Treaty, it is possible that it will continue to establish a rival treaty system.

This, he added, could potentially include China and possibly India as partners.

Alternatively, he said, separation from Russia could trigger a territorial “every man for himself.”

Either way, Britain’s claim to Antarctica could easily be threatened.

]]>
Chesa Boudin’s recall isn’t going to fix San Francisco. Here’s what could https://atlantic-storm.org/chesa-boudins-recall-isnt-going-to-fix-san-francisco-heres-what-could/ Wed, 08 Jun 2022 11:03:57 +0000 https://atlantic-storm.org/chesa-boudins-recall-isnt-going-to-fix-san-francisco-heres-what-could/ The recall of District Attorney Chesa Boudin should mark a turning point for San Francisco. Not progressive strategies to prison public safety strategies, but dyspeptic reminders to more productive engagement with the source of the city’s dysfunction: its charter.

Shortly before the recall, one of Boudin’s former colleagues in the Office of the Public Defender lamented that there was little policy coordination in San Francisco. By contrast, in cities that have successfully tackled drug addiction, “courts, police, defense attorneys, politicians, and business leaders have come together.”

Our leaders don’t coordinate because the political institutions we’ve created don’t reward them for it.

Mayor Breed didn’t want to be held responsible for the chaos and impoverishment on our streets, so she shot Boudin. Boudin blamed the police; the police returned the favor. As for the Board of Supervisors, they couldn’t even agree on a plan to make a city-wide plan to house the homeless. But the overseers had no trouble tearing down homeless housing in their neighborhoods.

The disarray culminated with our school board, which should have focused on preparing young people for peaceful participation in civic and economic life. But ours – in the midst of a pandemic! – is rather obsessed with symbols. A fresco. School names. Admissions to a former school that only serves 5% of the district’s students.

Learn more about Chesa Boudin Recall


In this environment, Boudin’s vision – his “rejection[ion] of the idea that to be free, we have to put others in a cage” – didn’t stand a chance. Boudin says social welfare programs are the backbone of public safety, but his office has no say in tax rates and spending priorities, no power to police service providers social programs, not the power to shut down ineffective social programs or fire incompetent administrators.

For Boudin’s vision or any other forward-looking vision to have a good shot in this city, two things are crucial:

First, all key administrators – the mayor, DA, chief of police and school management – ​​should be on the same team. Second, ordinary voters need to understand which team is in charge, so they can hold it accountable.

These rudimentary insights point to major reforms. The city charter should authorize the mayor, our most publicly visible local official, to appoint and remove the DA and school board, just as it selects the chief of police. This would ensure the collaboration of public security actors.

If the team stinks, voters will know who to blame: the mayor, who has taken the reins.

It is even more important to bring meaningful, visible, party-like competition to municipal elections. Almost all of us are Democrats in San Francisco, but local politicians vehemently disagree on issues ranging from policing to housing, homelessness and education.

Yet these disagreements are visible only to the most attentive local voters, because the poll does not identify the candidates with their team. Instead, the ballot provides an almost useless three-word description of each candidate’s profession. Knowing that a candidate is a teacher may trigger vaguely positive associations, but it doesn’t help voters determine whether the candidate will line up, for example, in land use fights with Mayor “YIMBY” Breed. or “NIMBY” supervisors like Dean Preton.

Labeling the candidates as Democrats or Republicans wouldn’t help much either, again, since every candidate who has a chance is a Democrat.

To make our governing teams more visible, the city charter could allow any local group that collects a certain number of voter signatures to become a “qualified endorser” – essentially a local political party that provides information by making endorsements . on the ballot. Local candidates could have one of these designations printed by name on the ballot, much like candidates for statewide office designate a party preference.

If competing local Democratic factions could make endorsements printed on ballots in their own name, we would be on the path to better politics. As voters see support groups and associated candidates year after year, they will gradually develop an idea of ​​what local endorsers stand for, just as voters know Democrats nationwide are the party. abortion rights and that Republicans want less immigration.

The final piece of the charter reform puzzle is to change the structure and remit of the board of supervisors. Supes make major political decisions, so they must devote their energy to gathering information about political alternatives and determining what the city could do differently and better. Instead, they waste time reviewing individual housing development applications and negotiating project agreements with neighborhood groups for community benefits that are significantly more marginal than could be achieved through thorough policy work. .

It is the inevitable by-product of the city charter which both requires the board of supervisors to be elected from single-member territorial districts and subjects every development proposal to discretionary review by the council.

The usual convention of governance in such schemes, here and elsewhere, is called “respect for members”. The supers defer to each other on projects in their neighborhoods, little housing is built, and no one but the mayor looks after the interests of the whole city.

The solution is to elect the board at large, with vote aggregation rules designed to represent local factions in proportion to their support in the electorate. Years ago, San Francisco abandoned a type of general election that allowed simple voting majorities to control every seat. This disproportionate system did not suit a city as diverse as ours. But it has become equally clear that a municipal legislature made up of eleven supposedly nonpartisan representatives, each governing a small territorial fiefdom, is no better. General proportional representation, alongside choice voting, is the way forward.

We need our political leaders to work together on behalf of a city-wide vision. That’s what they will do if we structure their elections and their responsibilities accordingly.

Enough with the reminders. Let’s fix our charter instead.

Chris Elmendorf is a law professor at UC Davis. He has lived in San Francisco since 2005.

]]>
US Imposes New Sanctions on Bosnia and Herzegovina Officials | Business and Economy News https://atlantic-storm.org/us-imposes-new-sanctions-on-bosnia-and-herzegovina-officials-business-and-economy-news/ Mon, 06 Jun 2022 20:29:29 +0000 https://atlantic-storm.org/us-imposes-new-sanctions-on-bosnia-and-herzegovina-officials-business-and-economy-news/

Washington accuses sanctioned officials of pursuing “ethnonationalist and political agendas” at the expense of citizens.

The United States imposed sanctions on the president of the Bosnian Croat Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and an official of the Bosnian Serb entity, accusing them of threatening the country’s democratic institutions.

In a statement on Monday, the US Treasury Department said he was blacklisted Marinko Cavara, member of a Bosnian-Croatian nationalist party, and Alen Seranic, Minister of Health and Social Welfare of the Republic of Serbia.

“Marinko Cavara and Alen Seranic each sought to pursue ethnonationalist and political agendas at the expense of the democratic institutions and citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina,” said Under Secretary of the Treasury for Terrorism and Financial Intelligence Brian E Nelson.

“Today’s action demonstrates the United States’ unwavering commitment to the stability and prosperity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.”

The new sanctions block assets held by Cavara and Seranic under US jurisdiction and prohibit US citizens from dealing with them.

The United States imposed similar sanctions on Bosnian Serb leader Milorad Dodik in January, accusing him of threatening the territorial integrity of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

Washington is stepping up pressure on nationalist politicians it accuses of threatening the 1995 Dayton Accords, the US-brokered deal that ended more than three years of war in Bosnia. The conflict has claimed around 100,000 lives and displaced two million others.

The 1995 agreement also established Bosnia and Herzegovina as a two-entity state: a Bosnian-Croat-dominated federation and a Serb-led Republika Srpska.

Cavara has been president of the Bosnian-Croatian Federation since 2015.

On Monday, the Treasury said Cavara was disciplined for refusing to perform his duties appointing judges to the Constitutional Court, which the department says plays a “crucial role” in the country’s constitutional order.

Meanwhile, the department accused Seranic of supporting the secessionist activities of Dodik, the Bosnian Serb leader sanctioned by Washington earlier this year.

Seranic did so by promoting a law that would create an agency of the Republic of Serbia to review new drugs, creating a parallel with a national agency with the same role, the Treasury said. The law is not yet in force.

Dodik has been heavily criticized by the United States for moving to strip Serb-dominated Republika Srpska from several national institutions, including the military, judiciary and tax system, triggering the country’s most difficult political crisis since. the 1990s.

]]>
Feds should let community groups deliver cash benefits to hard-to-reach populations: coalition https://atlantic-storm.org/feds-should-let-community-groups-deliver-cash-benefits-to-hard-to-reach-populations-coalition/ Fri, 03 Jun 2022 02:11:35 +0000 https://atlantic-storm.org/feds-should-let-community-groups-deliver-cash-benefits-to-hard-to-reach-populations-coalition/

After a federal audit found the government was struggling to get supports for hard-to-reach populations, a coalition of 120 groups working to end poverty said the government should launch pilot programs modeled on those used by other countries to reach people who may never file a personal tax return.

Leila Sarangi, national director of Campaign 2000, said hill time It was encouraging to see that the Auditor General’s May 31 report listed the reasons why segments of the population face barriers to receiving benefits and why some people are unable or unwilling to file income tax returns. individuals. The audit looked at how Ottawa provided supports for low-income families, seniors, employed people and students – the Canada Child Benefit, Guaranteed Income Supplement, Canada Workers Benefit and of Canadian Studies, respectively – and revealed that the Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) and Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC) had not done enough to make these populations aware of the existence of such supports and to offer the benefits.

“The personal income tax system will never be universal,” Sarangi said, explaining that some people “will never really file taxes” because they struggle with homelessness or health issues. mental illness, or because they are among the working poor whose employers do not provide adequate documentation or because they do not trust government institutions.

She called on the government to work more closely with charities and trusted community organizations that can transfer cash benefits directly to these populations. Sarangi added that it was also important to address how federal benefits interact with provincial and territorial benefits, which this audit did not address.

Responding to the report, Families Minister Karina Gould (Burlington, Ont.) told reporters that the audit highlighted a challenge that ESDC “has been struggling to overcome for many years.”

Gould acknowledged that some people in Canada “don’t show up in administrative databases, they don’t or aren’t required to file a tax return, and they’re not reflected in the census. It becomes difficult to remind them to request a service by mail or telephone because we may not know who they are.

Nicholas Swales, the audit’s lead author, says departments “sometimes ignore the non-filing population” when calculating the number of people they reach with their benefit programs. Photo courtesy of the Office of the Auditor General

Nicholas Swales, director of the Office of the Auditor General and lead author of the report on benefits for hard-to-reach populations, said there are ways for the CRA and ESDC to coordinate their efforts more effectively to get more people into the tax system through tax offices and similar programs. But he recommended that the agency and the department look for other, more creative solutions as well.

“Part of our observation,” Swales said, “is that when they’re calculating who they’re reaching, they’re sometimes ignoring the non-reporting population.”

“These programs are not designed with the intention that they will only be available to people who file taxes. The intention is that they help reduce poverty. This means that they should reach all people at low income and meet other eligibility requirements,” Swales said.

The auditors estimated that various federal departments and agencies invested $18 million in the 2020-2021 fiscal year to reach people who are not receiving the benefits to which they are entitled and encourage them to apply.

Swales said this audit grew out of a previous audit of the Canada Child Benefit, where auditors realized that not everyone who was eligible for help received it. This caused the office to take a closer look at who was actually receiving the Canada Child Benefit, as well as other key benefits that are part of the government’s poverty reduction strategy.

Campaign 2000 calls on Canada to consider Brazil-based cash transfer model

Campaign 2000 is a coalition of organizations that formed at the start of the pandemic when it became clear that people on welfare were having their pandemic emergency assistance clawed back. The coalition’s focus has since broadened to focus more generally on building strong income security programs.

Leila Sarangi, national director of Campaign 2000, called on the government to support informal cash transfer programs run by charities and non-profit community groups in Canada. Photo courtesy of Leila Sarangi

Sarangi said some of the programs the government has launched to bring more people into the income tax system are “really important” and should continue. These include community tax clinics that go into First Nations communities and work one-on-one with people to file their taxes so they can access benefits.

But she also called on the government to explore pilot programs that follow established models in Brazil, China, across Africa and California, which use innovative cash transfer programs to reach people who are outside the system. tax or banking system.

“There is one in Brazil called Bolsa Família. It’s probably the largest type of cash transfer program like this, and it’s funded by the federal government. They give money through charities in rural communities, to women. The only condition is that children are vaccinated so they can go to school,” Sarangi said.

Sarangi said charities and nonprofit community groups in Canada have already started providing this kind of support informally, but they need the government to step in to formalize the programs and provide the funding. Pilot projects to test this type of approach would involve modifying traditional funding envelopes to allow community organizations to distribute money directly, rather than limiting them to the delivery of programs and services.

“We wrote a proposal and sent it to the federal government to consider developing a cash transfer pilot project parallel to the personal income tax system,” Sarangi said, explaining that shelters for those without -shelter are already distributing money through the personal system. needs allowance.

Departments ‘reinventing the wheel’ by running parallel tax clinics, auditor says

At the May 31 press conference, Gould highlighted a Service Canada initiative called Reaching All Canadians, launched in 2020, which involves trusted members of the community “reaching out to those who have not made the request “.

National Revenue Minister Diane Lebouthillier (Gaspésie-Les Îles de la Madeleine, Que.) said the CRA has committed more than $10 million over three years to a pilot program that provides grants to community organizations that manage free tax clinics. She said more than 3,400 organizations and 15,000 volunteers worked through these programs last year, helping “more than 574,000 people complete and file their income tax and benefit returns.”

Swales said these efforts have had “some success overall” in reaching these populations, but pointed out that by setting up parallel programs focused on tax clinics, the two government entities are duplicating their efforts. He stressed that greater integration between different government entities would produce better results, instead of “reinventing the wheel” by pursuing parallel agendas.

Swales added that both the CRA and ESDC have implemented changes to streamline the process for accessing benefits, and that ESDC’s strategy to reach all Canadians includes a pilot initiative where a departmental employee helps guide the person through the process, “don’t let them go” until their needs are met.

But, he said, this initiative does not cross departmental borders. “So from a customer perspective, it’s not a seamless, integrated approach,” Swales said.

Swales cited the Guaranteed Income Supplement for Seniors, which has an alternate mechanism for determining eligibility, as an example of a creative solution to the problem of how to reach people who are eligible for assistance.

kphilipupillai@hilltimes.com

hill time

]]>
June 15, 2022 is the deadline for self-employed individuals to file their 2021 income tax and benefit return https://atlantic-storm.org/june-15-2022-is-the-deadline-for-self-employed-individuals-to-file-their-2021-income-tax-and-benefit-return/ Thu, 02 Jun 2022 17:31:00 +0000 https://atlantic-storm.org/june-15-2022-is-the-deadline-for-self-employed-individuals-to-file-their-2021-income-tax-and-benefit-return/

OTTAWA (ON), June 2, 2022 /CNW/ – The Canada Revenue Agency (CRA) is here to help you and your business meet your tax obligations.

If you are self-employed or your spouse or common-law partner is self-employed, you have until June 15, 2022to file your 2021 income tax and benefit return.

What are my tax obligations as a self-employed person?

If you have earned self-employment income from a business you operate on your own or with a partner, you must report this income by filing a tax return.

When you are self-employed and operating your business, you must pay:

  • income tax
  • Canada Pension Plan contributions
  • Employment Insurance premiums if you are eligible and registered to participate

Reporting your income also means that the CRA will have the most accurate information on file to determine if you qualify for provincial and territorial tax credits and benefits, the GST/HST credit, and the Canada family allowances.

Payments

Even if your tax filing deadline is June 15, 2022your payment was due on April 30, 2022. As of April 30, 2022, falling on a Saturday, your payment was considered paid on time if we received it, or if it was processed at a Canadian financial institution, no later than May 2, 2022.

If you still haven’t paid your taxes, we encourage you to do so as soon as possible to avoid additional interest charges on your balance owing. You can pay online in several ways:

  • through your financial institution‘s online or telephone banking service;
  • using the My payment service. This service allows you to make payments to the CRA with your Visa® Debit, Debit MasterCard® or Interac® Online card from a participating financial institution. You can also access My payment from My Account or the MyCRA mobile web application;
  • Use My Account or the MyCRA mobile web app to:
    • set up a pre-authorized debit agreement;
    • pay an overdue amount or make installment payments;
    • make pre-authorized payments from your Canadian checking account to the CRA;
  • by credit or debit card, PayPal or Interac e-Transfer, through a third party service provider.

You can also make payments in person. Options include payment:

COVID-19 Benefits

If you received federal, provincial, or territorial COVID-19 assistance for your business, you must include these amounts in your business income on the last day of the claim period to which it relates, or reduce your expenses by amounts you have received. This includes COVID-19 relief amounts such as:

  • Canada Emergency Wage Subsidy (CEWS)
  • Canada Emergency Rent Subsidy (CERS)
  • Tourism and Hospitality Recovery Program (THRP)
  • Hardest-Hit Business Resumption Program (HHBRP)
  • Canada Recovery Hire Program (CRHP)
  • Local containment program

If you have received a government loan (such as the Canada Business Emergency Account Program (CEBA), the loan is not taxable, but you must include in your business income any portion of the loan that is eligible for forgiveness. The forgivable portion is taxable in the year the loan is received.

If you received CRA-issued benefits in 2021, such as the Canada Recovery Benefit (CRP), Canada Recovery Sickness Benefit (CSSR), and Canada Recovery Caregiver Benefit (CRCB), a T4A information slip should already have been mailed to you. Residents of Quebec should have received a T4A slip and an RL-1 slip.

Government of Canada T4A information slips Canada for COVID-19 benefits are also available online if you are registered with My Account and have full access. To have full access to My Account, you must enter the CRA security code that we issued to you after completing the first step of the registration process.

Information from your T4A information slips, including COVID-19 benefits, is available when you use Auto-fill my return in certified tax software. This service automatically populates portions of an income tax and benefit return with information the CRA has on file. To use the service, you must be registered with My Account and have full access.

When the COVID-19 related benefits were paid, part of the tax was withheld at source. If there is not enough tax deducted at source, you may have to pay taxes. We understand that this payment could present significant financial hardship. Then our extended payment terms might be right for you. This will give you more time and flexibility to repay based on your financial situation. In certain circumstances, you can request relief from penalties and interest and reduce the amount you owe. Go to canada.ca/penalty-interest-waiver for more information.

Filing your tax return may have other effects that are specific to a COVID-19 benefit you received or if you are a resident of Quebec.

Support for farmers

Starting in 2021, the government of Canada proposed a new refundable tax credit, Refund of Fuel Charge Proceeds to the Farmers Tax Credit, as a means of returning some of the fuel charge proceeds from the federal carbon pollution directly to agricultural businesses in provinces that currently do not have a system that meets federal requirements. These designated provinces are alberta, Manitoba, Ontario and Saskatchewan. The amount of the credit is proportional to the amount of eligible farm expenses attributable to the selected provinces. For 2021, if you are a farmer in a selected province and you have eligible farming expenses of $25,000 or more, you can expect to receive a credit of $1.47 by $1,000 of eligible agricultural expenditure increasing to $1.73 in 2022.

The bill that includes this appropriation has not yet received parliamentary approval. We continue to encourage eligible Canadians to claim this credit by completing Form T2043, Refund of Fuel Charge Proceeds to Farmers Tax Credit, and attaching it to their 2021 income tax and benefit return.

Once the legislation receives parliamentary approval, the CRA will process the returns with the refund of fuel charge proceeds to the Farmers Tax Credit.

File your tax return electronically

If you choose to file your return electronically on your own, there are a variety of NETFILE certified software products to meet your needs. Some software products are free.

For the 2021 tax year, before filing your tax return electronically with NETFILE, you will be asked to enter an access code after your name, date of birth, and social insurance number. This unique code can be found to the right, below the Notice Details box on the first page of your previous Notice of Assessment. If you are registered for My Account, you can also use Auto-fill my return in certified tax software to retrieve your NETFILE access code. Your access code will allow you to use information from your 2021 tax return when confirming your identity with the CRA. Your access code is not required when filing your 2021 tax return, but without it, you will have to rely on other information for authentication purposes.

Online services for companies and freelancers

ARC offers easy-to-use digital services for businesses and freelancers. You can use these services to register, make payments and obtain detailed information about your account.

Free tax help for small business owners and the self-employed

If you are a small business owner or self-employed, the CRA offers free liaison services by telephone or videoconference. Liaison officers can make your job easier by helping you understand your tax obligations, answering your questions and making sure you are aware of possible business deductions. For more information, see our Free Tax Help for Small Business Owners and Self-Employed people page.

Keep receipts and documents

It is important to keep complete records of the money you earn and spend. Your records should provide enough detail to determine the tax you owe and support any deductions or credits you are claiming. You must keep all supporting documents for your records.

Sometimes the CRA reviews returns to ensure that income, deductions, and credits are reported correctly. If the CRA reviews your return, having your receipts and records on hand will make it easier for you to deal with your claims.

More help for your business

The Canada Business app simplifies access to government services for small and medium-sized businesses Canada. Designed for business owners, the app puts government programs and services at their fingertips. Download it from the App Store or Google Play.

More Ranking Tips

For more helpful tips and information, check out our self-employed tax tips.

Stay logged in

SOURCE Canada Revenue Agency

For further information: Contacts: Media Relations, Canada Revenue Agency, 613-948-8366, [email protected] ]]>